Is an ancient civilization in the northeast of Africa.
The civilization of ancient Egyptians was concentrated on the banks of the Nile in what is now the Arab Republic of Egypt.
The Egyptian civilization began around 3150 BC. When King Mena (Narmer) united the south and north of Egypt together, and then developed over the next three millennia.
Ancient Egypt reached the height of its civilization in the New Kingdom era, and then entered the country in a period of slow decline. Egypt was attacked at that time by many foreign powers.
The pharaohs ended officially when the Roman Empire invaded Egypt and made it one of its provinces.
The history of ancient Egypt passed through stages of stability (the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom) and short periods of collapse between the three stages.
After the collapse of the modern Kingdom, Egypt entered into a state of continuous collapse characterized by the foreign occupation of the land of Egypt.
The reign of the pharaohs ended in the year 31 AH (AH) after the battle of the ” Aktium ” in which the Queen ( Cleopatra ) The last kings of the Pharaohs were defeated.
After that, the Romans conquered Egypt and converted Egypt for the first time in its history, to province or territory that followed the Roman Empire.